Increase in Fees and Charges for Egg, Poultry, and Rabbit Grading

Summary:

The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) proposes to increase the fees and charges for Federal voluntary egg, poultry, and rabbit grading. These fees and charges need to be increased to cover the increase in salaries of Federal employees, salary increases of State employees cooperatively utilized in administering the programs, and other increased Agency costs.

Table of Contents

Dates:

Comments must be received on or before July 28, 2003.

Addresses:

Send written comments to David Bowden, Jr., Chief, Standardization Branch, Poultry Programs, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, STOP 0259, room 3944-South, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20250. Comments may be faxed to (202) 690-0941.

State that your comments refer to Docket No. PY-03-001 and note the date and page number of this issue of the Federal Register.

Comments received may be inspected at the above location between 8 a.m. and 4:30 p.m., Eastern Time, Monday through Friday, except holidays.

For further information contact:

Rex A. Barnes, Chief, Grading Branch, (202) 720-3271.

Supplementary information:

Background and Proposed Changes

The Agricultural Marketing Act (AMA) of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1621et seq.) authorizes official voluntary grading and certification on a user-fee basis of eggs, poultry, and rabbits. The AMA provides that reasonable fees be collected from users of the program services to cover, as nearly as practicable, the costs of services rendered. The AMS regularly reviews these programs to determine if fees are adequate and if costs are reasonable.

A recent review determined that the existing fee schedule, effective January 1, 2003, will not generate sufficient revenues to cover program costs while maintaining an adequate reserve balance in FY 2004. Costs in FY 2004 are projected at $29.8 million. Without a fee increase, FY 2004 revenues are projected at $29.0 million and trust fund balances would be $14.6 million. With a fee increase, FY 2004 revenues are projected at $29.8 million and trust fund balances would remain at $15.2 million.

Employee salaries and benefits account for approximately 82 percent of the total operating budget. The last general and locality salary increase for Federal employees became effective on January 1, 2003 and it materially affected program costs. Projected cost estimates for that increase were based on a salary increase of 2.6 percent, however, the increase was actually 4.02 to 4.87 percent, depending on locality. Another general and locality salary increase estimated at 2 percent is expected in January 2004. Also, from October 2002 through September 2004, salaries and fringe benefits of federally-licensed State employees will have increased by about 3 percent.

The impact of these cost increases was determined for resident, nonresident, and fee services. To offset projected cost increases, the hourly resident and nonresident rate would be increased by approximately 3 percent and the fee rate would be increased by approximately 4 percent. The hourly rate for resident and nonresident service covers graders' salaries and benefits. The hourly rate for fee service covers graders' salaries and benefits, plus the cost of travel and supervision.

As shown in the table below, only the maximum monthly administrative charge that covers overhead costs for resident poultry and shell egg grading would be increased, while other administrative charges would not be changed.

The following table compares current fees and charges with proposed fees and charges for egg, poultry, and rabbit grading as found in 7 CFR parts 56 and 70:

ServiceCurrentProposed
Resident Service (egg, poultry, and rabbit grading)
Inauguration of service 310 310
Hourly charges: Regular hours 33.36 34.36
Administrative charges—Poultry grading:
Per pound of poultry .00037 .00037
Minimum per month 260 260
Maximum per month 2,675 2,755
Administrative charges—Shell egg grading:
Per 30-dozen case of shell eggs .048 .048
Minimum per month 260 260
Maximum per month 2,675 2,755
Administrative charges—Rabbit grading: Based on 25% of grader's salary, minimum per month 260 260
ServiceCurrentProposed
Nonresident Service (egg and poultry grading)
Hourly charges: Regular hours 33.36 34.36
Administrative charges: Based on 25% of grader's salary, minimum per month 260 260
Fee and Appeal Service (egg, poultry, and rabbit grading)
Hourly charges:
Regular hours 57.68 60.00
Weekend and holiday hours 66.64 69.32

Executive Order 12866

This action has been determined to be not significant for purposes of Executive Order 12866 and has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB).

Regulatory Flexibility

Pursuant to the requirements set forth in the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA)(5 U.S.C. 601et seq.), the AMS has considered the economic impact of this action on small entities. It is determined that its provisions would not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.

There are about 400 users of Poultry Programs' grading services. These official plants can pack eggs, poultry, and rabbits in packages bearing the USDA grade shield when AMS graders are present to certify that the products meet the grade requirements as labeled. Many of these users are small entities under the criteria established by the Small Business Administration (13 CFR 121.201). These entities are under no obligation to use grading services as authorized under the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946.

The AMS regularly reviews its user fee financed programs to determine if fees are adequate and if costs are reasonable. A recent review determined that the existing fee schedule, effective January 1, 2003, will not generate sufficient revenues to cover program costs while maintaining an adequate reserve balance in FY 2004. Costs in FY 2004 are projected at $29.8 million. Without a fee increase, FY 2004 revenues are projected at $29.0 million and trust fund balances would be $14.6 million. With a fee increase, FY 2004 revenues are projected at $29.8 million and trust fund balances would remain at $15.2 million.

This action would raise the fees charged to users of grading services. The AMS estimates that overall, this rule would yield an additional $800,000 during FY 2004. The hourly rate for resident and nonresident service would increase by approximately 3 percent and the fee rate would increase by approximately 4 percent. The impact of these rate changes in a poultry plant would range from less than 0.0001 to 0.025 cents per pound of poultry handled. In a shell egg plant, the range would be less than 0.00002 to 0.11 cents per dozen eggs handled.

Civil Justice Reform

This action has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. This action is not intended to have retroactive effect. This rule will not preempt any State or local laws, regulations, or policies, unless they present an irreconcilable conflict with this rule. There are no administrative procedures which must be exhausted prior to any judicial challenge to the provisions of this rule.

Paperwork Reduction

The information collection requirements that appear in the sections to be amended by this action have been previously approved by OMB and assigned OMB Control Numbers under the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35) as follows: § 56.52(a)(4)—No. 0581-0128; and § 70.77(a)(4)—No. 0581-0127.

A 30-day comment period is provided for interested persons to comment on this proposed rule. This period is appropriate in order to implement, as early as possible in FY 2004, any fee changes adopted as a result of this rulemaking action.

List of subjects

Eggs and egg products, Food grades and standards, Food labeling, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

Food grades and standards, Food labeling, Poultry and poultry products, Rabbits and rabbit products, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

For reasons set forth in the preamble, it is proposed that Title 7, Code of Federal Regulations, parts 56 and 70 be amended as follows:

Part 56—grading of shell eggs

1. The authority citation for part 56 continues to read as follows:

Authority:

7 U.S.C. 1621-1627.

2. Section 56.46 is revised to read as follows:

§ 56.46

(a) Unless otherwise provided in this part, the fees to be charged and collected for any service performed, in accordance with this part, on a fee basis shall be based on the applicable rates specified in this section.

(b) Fees for grading services will be based on the time required to perform the services. The hourly charge shall be $60.00 and shall include the time actually required to perform the grading, waiting time, travel time, and any clerical costs involved in issuing a certificate.

(c) Grading services rendered on Saturdays, Sundays, or legal holidays shall be charged for at the rate of $69.32 per hour. Information on legal holidays is available from the Supervisor.

3. In § 56.52, paragraph (a)(4) is revised to read as follows:

§ 56.52 * * * * *

(a) * * *

(4) An administrative service charge based upon the aggregate number of 30-dozen cases of all shell eggs handled in the plant per billing period multiplied by $0.048, except that the minimum charge per billing period shall be $260 and the maximum charge shall be $2,755. The minimum charge also applies where an approved application is in effect and no product is handled.

Part 70—voluntary grading of poultry products and rabbit products

4. The authority citation for part 70 continues to read as follows:

Authority:

7 U.S.C. 1621-1627.

5. Section 70.71 is revised to read as follows:

§ 70.71

(a) Unless otherwise provided in this part, the fees to be charged and collected for any service performed, in accordance with this part, on a fee basis shall be based on the applicable rates specified in this section.

(b) Fees for grading services will be based on the time required to perform such services for class, quality, quantity (weight test), or condition, whether ready-to-cook poultry, ready-to-cook rabbits, or specified poultry food products are involved. The hourly charge shall be $60.00 and shall include the time actually required to perform the work, waiting time, travel time, and any clerical costs involved in issuing a certificate.

(c) Grading services rendered on Saturdays, Sundays, or legal holidays shall be charged for at the rate of $69.32 per hour. Information on legal holidays is available from the Supervisor.

6. In § 70.77, paragraph (a)(4) is revised to read as follows:

§ 70.77 * * * * *

(a) * * *

(4) For poultry grading: An administrative service charge based upon the aggregate weight of the total volume of all live and ready-to-cook poultry handled in the plant per billing period computed in accordance with the following: Total pounds per billing period multiplied by $0.00037, except that the minimum charge per billing period shall be $260 and the maximum charge shall be $2,755. The minimum charge also applies where an approved application is in effect and no product is handled.

* * * * *
Dated: June 23, 2003. A.J. Yates,

Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.

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