Migratory Bird Hunting; Late Seasons and Bag and Possession Limits for Certain Migratory Game Birds

Summary:

This rule prescribes the hunting seasons, hours, areas, and daily bag and possession limits for general waterfowl seasons and those early seasons for which States previously deferred selection. Taking of migratory birds is prohibited unless specifically provided for by annual regulations. This rule permits the taking of designated species during the 2011-12 season.

Table of Contents

Addresses:

You may inspect comments received on the migratory bird hunting regulations during normal business hours at the Service's office in room 4107, Arlington Square Building, 4501 N. Fairfax Drive, Arlington, VA. You may obtain copies of referenced reports from the street address above, or from the Division of Migratory Bird Management's Web site at http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/, or at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-R9-MB-2011-0014.

For further information contact:

Ron W. Kokel, Division of Migratory Bird Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, (703) 358-1714.

Supplementary information:

Regulations Schedule for 2011

On April 8, 2011, we published in the Federal Register(76 FR 19876) a proposal to amend 50 CFR part 20. The proposal provided a background and overview of the migratory bird hunting regulations process, and addressed the establishment of seasons, limits, and other regulations for hunting migratory game birds under §§ 20.101 through 20.107, 20.109, and 20.110 of subpart K. Major steps in the 2011-12 regulatory cycle relating to open public meetings and Federal Register notifications were also identified in the April 8 proposed rule. Further, we explained that all sections of subsequent documents outlining hunting frameworks and guidelines were organized under numbered headings and that subsequent documents would refer only to numbered items requiring attention.

On June 22, 2011, we published in the Federal Register(76 FR 36508) a second document providing supplemental proposals for early- and late-season migratory bird hunting regulations. The June 22 supplement also provided information on the 2011-12 regulatory schedule and announced the Service Regulations Committee (SRC) and summer (July) Flyway Council meetings.

On June 22 and 23, 2011, we held open meetings with the Flyway Council Consultants where the participants reviewed information on the current status of migratory shore and upland game birds and developed recommendations for the 2011-12 regulations for these species plus regulations for migratory game birds in Alaska, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands; special September waterfowl seasons in designated States; special sea duck seasons in the Atlantic Flyway; and extended falconry seasons. In addition, we reviewed and discussed preliminary information on the status of waterfowl as it relates to the development and selection of the regulatory packages for the 2011-12 regular waterfowl seasons.

On July 26, 2011, we published in the Federal Register(76 FR 44730) a third document specifically dealing with the proposed frameworks for early-season regulations. On August 30, 2011, we published in the Federal Register(76 FR 54052) a final rule which contained final frameworks for early migratory bird hunting seasons from which wildlife conservation agency officials from the States, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands selected early-season hunting dates, hours, areas, and limits. Subsequently, on September 1, 2011, we published a final rule in the Federal Register(76 FR 54658) amending subpart K of title 50 CFR part 20 to set hunting seasons, hours, areas, and limits for early seasons.

On July 27-28, 2011, we held open meetings with the Flyway Council Consultants at which the participants reviewed the status of waterfowl and developed recommendations for the 2011-12 regulations for these species. Proposed hunting regulations were discussed for late seasons. We published proposed frameworks for the 2011-12 late-season migratory bird hunting regulations in an August 26, 2011Federal Register(76 FR 53536). We published final late-season frameworks for migratory game bird hunting regulations, from which State wildlife conservation agency officials selected late-season hunting dates,hours, areas, and limits for 2011-12, in a September 21, 2011, Federal Register.

The final rule described here is the final in the series of proposed, supplemental, and final rulemaking documents for migratory game bird hunting regulations for 2011-12 and deals specifically with amending subpart K of 50 CFR part 20. It sets hunting seasons, hours, areas, and limits for species subject to late-season regulations and those for early seasons that States previously deferred.

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Consideration

NEPA considerations are covered by the programmatic document “Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement: Issuance of Annual Regulations Permitting the Sport Hunting of Migratory Birds (FSES 88-14),” filed with the Environmental Protection Agency on June 9, 1988. We published a notice of availability in the Federal Register on June 16, 1988 (53 FR 22582). We published our Record of Decision on August 18, 1988 (53 FR 31341). In addition, an August 1985 environmental assessment entitled “Guidelines for Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations on Federal Indian Reservations and Ceded Lands” is available from the address indicated under the caption ADDRESSES.

In a notice published in the September 8, 2005, Federal Register(70 FR 53376), we announced our intent to develop a new Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SEIS) for the migratory bird hunting program. Public scoping meetings were held in the spring of 2006, as detailed in a March 9, 2006, Federal Register(71 FR 12216). We released the draft SEIS on July 9, 2010 (75 FR 39577). The draft SEIS is available either by writing to the address indicated under ADDRESSES or by viewing our Web site at http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds.

Endangered Species Act Consideration

Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531-1543; 87 Stat. 884), provides that, “The Secretary shall review other programs administered by him and utilize such programs in furtherance of the purposes of this Act” (and) shall “insure that any action authorized, funded, or carried out * * * is not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any endangered species or threatened species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of [critical] habitat. * * *.” Consequently, we conducted formal consultations to ensure that actions resulting from these regulations would not likely jeopardize the continued existence of endangered or threatened species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of their critical habitat. Findings from these consultations are included in a biological opinion, which concluded that the regulations are not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any endangered or threatened species. Additionally, these findings may have caused modification of some regulatory measures previously proposed, and the final frameworks reflect any such modifications. Our biological opinions resulting from this section 7 consultation are public documents available for public inspection at the address indicated under ADDRESSES.

Executive Order 12866

The Office of Management and Budget has determined that this rule is significant and has reviewed this rule under Executive Order 12866. OMB bases its determination of regulatory significance upon the following four criteria:

(a) Whether the rule will have an annual effect of $100 million or more on the economy or adversely affect an economic sector, productivity, jobs, the environment, or other units of the government.

(b) Whether the rule will create inconsistencies with other Federal agencies' actions.

(c) Whether the rule will materially affect entitlements, grants, user fees, loan programs, or the rights and obligations of their recipients.

(d) Whether the rule raises novel legal or policy issues.

An economic analysis was prepared for the 2008-09 season. This analysis was based on data from the 2006 National Hunting and Fishing Survey, the most recent year for which data are available (see discussion in Regulatory Flexibility Act section below). This analysis estimated consumer surplus for three alternatives for duck hunting (estimates for other species are not quantified due to lack of data). The alternatives are (1) Issue restrictive regulations allowing fewer days than those issued during the 2007-08 season, (2) Issue moderate regulations allowing more days than those in alternative 1, and (3) Issue liberal regulations identical to the regulations in the 2007-08 season.

For the 2008-09 season, we chose alternative 3, with an estimated consumer surplus across all flyways of $205-$270 million. We also chose alternative 3 for the 2009-10 and the 2010-11 seasons. In the April 8 proposed rule, we proposed no changes to the season frameworks for the 2011-12 season, and as such, we again considered these three alternatives. Population status information discussed in the August 26 proposed rule supported selection of alternative 3 for the 2011-12 season. For these reasons, we have not conducted a new economic analysis, but the 2008-09 analysis is part of the record for this rule and is available at http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/NewReportsPublications/SpecialTopics/SpecialTopics.html#HuntingRegs or at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-R9-MB-2011-0014.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

The annual migratory bird hunting regulations have a significant economic impact on substantial numbers of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601et seq.). We analyzed the economic impacts of the annual hunting regulations on small business entities in detail as part of the 1981 cost-benefit analysis. This analysis was revised annually from 1990-95. In 1995, the Service issued a Small Entity Flexibility Analysis (Analysis), which was subsequently updated in 1996, 1998, 2004, and 2008. The primary source of information about hunter expenditures for migratory game bird hunting is the National Hunting and Fishing Survey, which is conducted at 5-year intervals. The 2008 Analysis was based on the 2006 National Hunting and Fishing Survey and the U.S. Department of Commerce's County Business Patterns, from which it was estimated that migratory bird hunters would spend approximately $1.2 billion at small businesses in 2008.

Copies of the Analysis are available upon request from the Division of Migratory Bird Management (see ADDRESSES) or from our Web site at http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/NewReportsPublications/SpecialTopics/SpecialTopics.html#HuntingRegs or at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-R9-MB-2011-0014.

Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act

This rule is a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. For the reasons outlined above, this rule would have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more. However, because this rule would establish hunting seasons, we do not plan to defer the effective date under the exemption contained in 5 U.S.C. 808(1).

Paperwork Reduction Act

We examined these regulations under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995(44 U.S.C. 3501et seq.). The various recordkeeping and reporting requirements imposed under regulations established in 50 CFR part 20, subpart K, are utilized in the formulation of migratory game bird hunting regulations.

Specifically, OMB has approved the information collection requirements of our Migratory Bird Surveys and assigned control number 1018-0023 (expires 4/30/2014). This information is used to provide a sampling frame for voluntary national surveys to improve our harvest estimates for all migratory game birds in order to better manage these populations. OMB has also approved the information collection requirements of the Alaska Subsistence Household Survey, an associated voluntary annual household survey used to determine levels of subsistence take in Alaska, and assigned control number 1018-0124 (expires 4/30/2013). A Federal agency may not conduct or sponsor and a person is not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number.

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

We have determined and certify, in compliance with the requirements of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act, 2 U.S.C. 1502et seq., that this rulemaking would not impose a cost of $100 million or more in any given year on local or State government or private entities. Therefore, this rule is not a “significant regulatory action” under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.

Civil Justice Reform—Executive Order 12988

The Department, in promulgating this rule, has determined that this rule will not unduly burden the judicial system and that it meets the requirements of sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988.

Takings Implication Assessment

In accordance with Executive Order 12630, this rule, authorized by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, does not have significant takings implications and does not affect any constitutionally protected property rights. This rule would not result in the physical occupancy of property, the physical invasion of property, or the regulatory taking of any property. In fact, these rules would allow hunters to exercise otherwise unavailable privileges and, therefore, reduce restrictions on the use of private and public property.

Energy Effects—Executive Order 13211

Executive Order 13211 requires agencies to prepare Statements of Energy Effects when undertaking certain actions. While this rule is a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866, it is not expected to adversely affect energy supplies, distribution, or use. Therefore, this action is not a significant energy action and no Statement of Energy Effects is required.

Government-to-Government Relationship with Tribes

In accordance with the President's memorandum of April 29, 1994, “Government-to-Government Relations with Native American Tribal Governments” (59 FR 22951), Executive Order 13175, and 512 DM 2, we have evaluated possible effects on Federally-recognized Indian tribes and have determined that there are no effects on Indian trust resources. However, in the April 8Federal Register, we solicited proposals for special migratory bird hunting regulations for certain Tribes on Federal Indian reservations, off-reservation trust lands, and ceded lands for the 2011-12 migratory bird hunting season. The resulting proposals were contained in a separate August 8, 2011, proposed rule (76 FR 48694). By virtue of these actions, we have consulted with Tribes affected by this rule.

Federalism Effects

Due to the migratory nature of certain species of birds, the Federal Government has been given responsibility over these species by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. We annually prescribe frameworks from which the States make selections regarding the hunting of migratory birds, and we employ guidelines to establish special regulations on Federal Indian reservations and ceded lands. This process preserves the ability of the States and tribes to determine which seasons meet their individual needs. Any State or Indian tribe may be more restrictive than the Federal frameworks at any time. The frameworks are developed in a cooperative process with the States and the Flyway Councils. This process allows States to participate in the development of frameworks from which they will make selections, thereby having an influence on their own regulations. These rules do not have a substantial direct effect on fiscal capacity, change the roles or responsibilities of Federal or State governments, or intrude on State policy or administration. Therefore, in accordance with Executive Order 13132, these regulations do not have significant federalism effects and do not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact assessment.

Regulations Promulgation

The rulemaking process for migratory game bird hunting must, by its nature, operate under severe time constraints. However, we intend that the public be given the greatest possible opportunity to comment. Thus, when the preliminary proposed rulemaking was published, we established what we believed were the longest periods possible for public comment. In doing this, we recognized that when the comment period closed, time would be of the essence. That is, if there were a delay in the effective date of these regulations after this final rulemaking, States would have insufficient time to select season dates and limits; to communicate those selections to us; and to establish and publicize the necessary regulations and procedures to implement their decisions. We find that “good cause” exists, within the terms of 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3) of the Administrative Procedure Act, and therefore, under authority of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (July 3, 1918), as amended (16 U.S.C. 703-711), these regulations will take effect less than 30 days after publication. Accordingly, with each conservation agency having had an opportunity to participate in selecting the hunting seasons desired for its State or Territory on those species of migratory birds for which open seasons are now prescribed, and consideration having been given to all other relevant matters presented, certain sections of title 50, chapter I, subchapter B, part 20, subpart K, are hereby amended as set forth below.

List of subjects in 50 cfr part 20

Exports, Hunting, Imports, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Transportation, Wildlife.

Dated: September 20, 2011. Rachel Jacobson,

Acting Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks.

For the reasons set out in the preamble, title 50, chapter I, subchapter B, part 20, subpart K of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:

Part 20—[amended]

1. The authority citation for part 20 continues to read as follows:

Authority:

Migratory Bird Treaty Act, 40 Stat. 755, 16 U.S.C. 703-712; Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956, 16 U.S.C. 742a-j; Pub.L. 106-108, 113 Stat. 1491, Note Following 16 U.S.C. 703.

Note:

The following annual regulations provided for by §§ 20.104, 20.105, 20.106, 20.107, and 20.109 of 50 CFR part 20 will not appear in the Code of Federal Regulations because of their seasonal nature.

Check State Regulations for Additional Restrictions and Delineations of Geographical Areas—Special Restrictions May Apply on Federal and State Public Hunting Areas and Federal Indian Reservations

2. Section 20.104 is amended by adding the entries for the following States in alphabetical order to read as follows: § 20.104

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset, except as otherwise restricted by State regulations. Area descriptions were published in the August 25, 2011 (76 FR 53536) and August 30, 2011 (76 FR 54052), Federal Registers.

Note:

The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the September 1, 2011, Federal Register(76 FR 54658).

Sora and Virginia railsClapper and King railsWoodcockCommon snipe
(1) The bag and possession limits for sora and Virginia rails apply singly or in the aggregate of these species.
(2) All bag and possession limits for clapper and king rails apply singly or in the aggregate of the two species and, unless otherwise specified, the limits are in addition to the limits on sora and Virginia rails in all States. In Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, and New Jersey, the limits for clapper and king rails are 10 daily and 20 in possession. See also footnote (6) below.
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(5) In Massachusetts, the sora rail limits are 5 daily and 5 in possession; the Virginia rail limits are 10 daily and 10 in possession.
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(16) In Nebraska and New Mexico, the rail limits are 10 daily and 20 in possession.
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(18) In Arizona, Ashurst Lake in Unit 5B is closed to common snipe hunting.
(19) In Nevada, the snipe season in the Moapa Valley portion of the Overton Wildlife Management Area is only open November 5 to January 27.
Daily bag limit 25 (1) 15 (2) 3 8
Possession limit 25 (1) 30 (2) 6 16
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
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Massachusetts(5) Sept. 1-Nov. 9 Closed Oct. 5-Oct. 29 & Oct. 31-Nov. 19 Sept. 1-Dec. 16.
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MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
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Louisiana:
West Zone Sept. 10-Sept. 25 & Nov. 12-Jan. 4 Sept. 10-Sept. 25 & Nov. 12-Jan. 4 Dec. 18-Jan. 31 Nov. 5-Dec. 7 & Dec. 17-Feb. 28.
East Zone Sept. 10-Sept. 25 & Nov. 12-Jan. 4 Sept. 10-Sept. 25 & Nov. 12-Jan. 4 Dec. 18-Jan. 31 Nov. 5-Nov. 30 & Dec. 10-Feb. 28.
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Tennessee:
Reelfoot Zone Nov. 12-Nov. 13 & Dec. 3-Jan. 29 Closed Oct. 29-Dec. 12 Nov. 15-Feb. 29.
State Zone Nov. 26-Nov. 27 & Dec. 3-Jan. 29 Closed Oct. 29-Dec. 12 Nov. 15-Feb. 29.
Wisconsin:
North Zone Sept. 24-Nov. 22 Closed Sept. 24-Nov. 7 Sept. 24-Nov. 22.
South Zone Oct. 1-Oct. 9 & Oct. 15-Dec. 4 Closed Sept. 24-Nov. 7 Oct. 1-Oct. 9 & Oct. 15-Dec. 4.
Mississippi River Zone Sept. 24-Oct. 2 & Oct. 15-Dec. 4 Closed Sept. 24-Nov. 7 Sept. 24-Oct. 2 & Oct. 15-Dec. 4.
PACIFIC FLYWAY
Arizona(18):
North Zone Closed Closed Closed Oct. 7-Jan. 15.
South Zone Closed Closed Closed Oct. 21-Jan. 29.
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Idaho:
Zone 1 & 2 Closed Closed Closed Oct. 1-Jan. 13.
Zone 3 Closed Closed Closed Oct. 15-Jan. 27.
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Nevada:
Northeast Zone Closed Closed Closed Sept. 24-Jan. 6.
Northwest Zone Closed Closed Closed Oct. 15-Jan. 27.
South Zone (19) Closed Closed Closed Oct. 15-Jan. 27.
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Oregon:
Zone 1 Closed Closed Closed Nov. 5-Feb. 19.
Zone 2 Closed Closed Closed Oct. 8-Nov. 27 & Nov. 30-Jan. 22.
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Washington:
East Zone Closed Closed Closed Oct. 15-Oct. 19 & Oct. 22-Jan. 29.
West Zone Closed Closed Closed Oct. 15-Oct. 19 & Oct. 22-Jan. 29.
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3. In § 20.105, paragraphs (a), (b), and (f) are amended by adding the entries for the following States in alphabetical order and paragraph (e) is revised to read as follows: § 20.105

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset, except as otherwise restricted by State regulations.

Area descriptions were published in the August 25, 2011 (76 FR 53536) and August 30, 2011 (76 FR 5405225), Federal Registers.

(a)Common Moorhens and Purple Gallinules(Atlantic, Mississippi, and Central Flyways)

Note:

The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the September 1, 2011, Federal Register(76 FR 54658). The zones named in this paragraph are the same as those used for setting duck seasons.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
(3) In Minnesota, the daily bag limit is 15 and the possession limit is 30 coots and moorhens in the aggregate.
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
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Georgia Nov. 19-Nov. 27 & 15 30
Dec. 10-Jan. 29 15 30
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Virginia Oct. 6-Oct. 10 & 15 30
Nov. 19-Dec. 3 & 15 30
Dec. 10-Jan. 28 15 30
West Virginia Oct. 1-Oct. 8 & 15 30
Nov. 14-Nov. 19 & 15 30
Dec. 14-Jan. 28 15 30
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
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Louisiana Sept. 10-Sept. 25 & 15 30
Nov. 12-Jan. 4 15 30
Michigan:
North Zone Sept. 24-Nov. 18 & 1 2
Nov. 24-Nov. 27 1 2
Middle Zone Oct. 1-Nov. 27 & 1 2
Dec. 3-Dec. 4 1 2
South Zone Oct. 8-Dec. 4 & 1 2
Dec. 10-Dec. 11 1 2
Minnesota(3):
North Zone Sept. 24-Nov. 22 15 30
South Zone Sept. 24-Sept 25 & 15 30
Oct. 1-Nov. 27 15 30
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Tennessee:
Reelfoot Zone Nov. 12-Nov. 13 & 15 30
Dec. 3-Jan. 29 15 30
State Zone Nov. 26-Nov. 27 & 15 30
Dec. 3-Jan. 29 15 30
Wisconsin:
North Zone Sept. 24-Nov. 22 15 30
South Zone Oct. 1-Oct. 9 & 15 30
Oct. 15-Dec. 4 15 30
Mississippi River Zone Sept. 24-Oct. 2 & 15 30
Oct. 15-Dec. 4 15 30
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PACIFIC FLYWAY
All States Seasons are in aggregate with coots and listed in paragraph (e).

(b) Sea Ducks (Scoter, Eider, and Long-Tailed Ducks in Atlantic Flyway)

Note:

The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the September 1, 2011, Federal Register(76 FR 54658).

Within the special sea duck areas, the daily bag limit is 7 scoter, eider, and long-tailed ducks of which no more than 4 may be scoters. Possession limits are twice the daily bag limit. These limits may be in addition to regular duck bag limits only during the regular duck season in the special sea duck hunting areas.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
Note: Notwithstanding the provisions of this part 20, the shooting of crippled waterfowl from a motorboat under power will be permitted in Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, Delaware, Virginia, and Maryland in those areas described, delineated, and designated in their respective hunting regulations as special sea duck hunting areas.
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(4) In Massachusetts, the daily bag limit may include no more than 4 eiders (only 1 of which may be a hen) and 4 long-tailed ducks.
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Georgia Nov. 19-Nov. 27 & 7 14
Dec. 10-Jan. 29 7 14
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Maryland Oct. 1-Jan. 28 5 10
Massachusetts(4) Oct. 8-Jan. 31 7 14
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North Carolina Oct. 1-Jan. 31 7 14
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South Carolina Oct. 15-Jan. 29 7 14
Virginia Oct. 6-Jan. 31 7 14
* * * * *

(e) Waterfowl, Coots, and Pacific-Flyway Seasons for Common Moorhens and Purple Gallinules

Definitions

The Atlantic Flyway: Includes Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia.

The Mississippi Flyway: Includes Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee, and Wisconsin.

The Central Flyway: Includes Colorado (east of the Continental Divide), Kansas, Montana (Blaine, Carbon, Fergus, Judith Basin, Stillwater, Sweetgrass, Wheatland, and all counties east thereof), Nebraska, New Mexico (east of the Continental Divide except that the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation is in the Pacific Flyway), North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming (east of the Continental Divide).

The Pacific Flyway: Includes the States of Arizona, California, Colorado (west of the Continental Divide), Idaho, Montana (including and to the west of Hill, Chouteau, Cascade, Meagher, and Park Counties), Nevada, New Mexico (the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation and west of the Continental Divide), Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming (west of the Continental Divide including the Great Divide Basin).

Light Geese: Includes lesser snow (including blue) geese, greater snow geese, and Ross's geese.

Dark Geese: Includes Canada geese, white-fronted geese, emperor geese, brant (except in California, Oregon, Washington, and the Atlantic Flyway), and all other geese except light geese.

ATLANTIC FLYWAY

Flyway-wide Restrictions

Duck Limits: The daily bag limit of 6 ducks may include no more than 4 mallards (2 hen mallards), 2 scaup, 1 black duck, 2 pintails, 1 canvasback, 1 mottled duck, 3 wood ducks, 2 redheads, and 1 fulvous tree duck. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Harlequin Ducks: All areas of the Flyway are closed to harlequin duck hunting.

Merganser Limits: The daily bag limit is 5 mergansers with 10 in possession and may include no more than 2 hooded mergansers daily and 4 in possession. In States that include mergansers in the duck bag limit, the daily limit is the same as the duck bag limit, of which only 2 daily and 4 in possession may be hooded mergansers.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
(1) In Delaware, the Bombay Hook NWR snow goose season is open Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays only.
(2) In Maine, the daily bag limit may include no more than 4 of any species, with no more than 8 of any one species in possession. The season for Barrow's goldeneye is closed.
(3) In Maryland, the black duck season is closed October 15 through October 22.
(4) In Massachusetts, the daily bag limit may include no more than 4 of any single species in addition to the flyway-wide bag restrictions.
(5) In Massachusetts, the special season in the Coastal Zone is restricted to that portion of the Coastal Zone north of the Cape Cod Canal.
(6) In New York, light geese may be taken with the aid of recorded or electrically amplified calls in any area or zone when all other waterfowl seasons are closed.
(7) In North Carolina, the season is closed for black ducks October 5 through October 8 and November 12 through November 18. The daily bag limit for black and mottled ducks is combined with no more than 1 allowed in the daily bag.
(8) In North Carolina, a permit is required to hunt Canada geese in the Northeast Hunt Zone.
(9) In North Carolina, electronic calls and unplugged shotguns are allowed for light geese from February 6 through March 10.
(10) In South Carolina, the daily bag limit of 6 may not exceed 1 black-bellied whistling duck, and 1 black duck or 1 mottled duck in the aggregate.
(11) In South Carolina, on December 3, 2011, only youth less than 18 years of age may hunt, but they must be accompanied by an adult of at least 21 years of age who is fully licensed, including a Federal Waterfowl Stamp, State waterfowl stamp, and HIP permit. Youth who are 16 and 17 years of age, who hunt, must possess a Federal Waterfowl Stamp and HIP permit.
(12) In South Carolina, the daily bag limit for mergansers may include no more than 1 hooded merganser.
(13) In South Carolina, the daily bag limit may include no more than 2 white-fronted geese.
(14) In Virginia, the season is closed for black ducks October 6 through October 10.
(15) In West Virginia, the daily bag limit may include no more than 4 long-tailed ducks and the season is closed for eiders, whistling ducks, and mottled ducks.
Connecticut
Ducks and Mergansers: 6 12
North Zone Oct. 12-Oct. 22 &Nov. 9-Jan. 5
South Zone Oct. 12-Oct. 15 &Nov. 18-Jan. 21
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese:
AFRP Unit Oct. 12-Oct. 22 & 5 10
Nov. 9-Jan. 21 & 5 10
Feb. 9-Feb. 15 5 10
NAP H-Unit Oct. 12-Oct. 25 & 2 4
Nov. 21-Jan. 14 2 4
AP Unit Oct. 31-Nov. 5 & 3 6
Nov. 24-Jan. 7 3 6
Special Season Jan. 16-Feb. 15 5 10
Light Geese:
North Zone Oct. 1-Jan. 14 & 25
Feb. 22-Mar. 10 25
South Zone Oct. 1-Nov. 30 & 25
Jan. 7-Mar. 10 25
Brant:
North Zone Nov. 9-Jan. 5 2 4
South Zone Nov. 25-Jan. 21 2 4
Delaware
Ducks Oct. 21-Oct. 29 & 6 12
Nov. 21-Nov. 26 & 6 12
Dec. 7-Jan. 28 6 12
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese Nov. 21-Nov. 26 & 2 4
Dec. 15-Jan. 28 2 4
Light Geese (1) Oct. 1-Jan. 31 25
Brant Dec. 2-Jan. 28 2 4
Florida
Ducks Nov. 19-Nov. 27 & 6 12
Dec. 10-Jan. 29 6 12
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese Nov. 19-Nov. 27 & 5 10
Dec. 1-Jan. 30 5 10
Light Geese Same as for Ducks 15
Georgia
Ducks Nov. 19-Nov. 27 & 6 12
Dec. 10-Jan. 29 6 12
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese (special season) Same as for Ducks 5 10
Light Geese Same as for Ducks 5 10
Brant Closed
Maine
Ducks (2): 6 12
North Zone Sept. 26-Dec. 3
South Zone Oct. 1-Oct. 22 &Nov. 8-Dec. 24
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 5 10
Canada Geese:
North Zone Oct. 1-Dec. 9 2 4
South Zone Same as for Ducks 2 4
Light Geese Oct. 1-Jan. 31 25
Brant:
North Zone Oct. 1-Nov. 28 2 4
South Zone Oct. 1-Oct. 22 & 2 4
Nov. 8-Dec. 13 2 4
Maryland
Ducks and Mergansers (3) Oct. 15-Oct. 22 & 6 12
Nov. 12-Nov. 25 & 6 12
Dec. 13-Jan. 28 6 12
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese:
RP Zone Nov. 16-Nov. 25 & 5 10
Dec. 15-Mar. 3 5 10
AP Zone Nov. 19-Nov. 25 & 2 4
Dec. 15-Jan. 28 2 4
Light Geese Oct. 8-Nov. 25 & 25
Dec. 12-Jan. 28 25
Brant Nov. 17-Nov. 25 & 2 4
Dec. 12-Jan. 28 2 4
Massachusetts
Ducks (4): 6 12
Western Zone Oct. 12-Nov. 26 &Dec. 10-Jan. 2
Central Zone Oct. 13-Nov. 26 &
Dec. 15-Jan. 7
Coastal Zone Oct. 14-Oct. 22 &
Nov. 17-Jan. 16
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese:
NAP Zone:
Central Zone Oct. 13-Nov. 26 & 2 4
Dec. 15-Jan. 7 2 4
(Special season) Jan. 16-Feb. 15 5 10
Coastal Zone Oct. 14-Oct. 22 & 2 4
Nov. 17-Jan. 16 2 4
(Special season) (5) Jan. 17-Feb. 15 5 10
AP Zone Oct. 20-Nov. 26 & 3 6
Dec. 10-Dec. 23 3 6
Light Geese:
Western Zone Same as for Ducks 15 30
Central Zone Same as for Ducks & 15 30
Jan. 16-Feb. 15 15 30
Coastal Zone Same as for Ducks & 15 30
Jan. 17-Feb. 15 15 30
Brant:
Western & Central Zone Closed
Coastal Zone Nov. 17-Nov. 26 & 2 4
Dec. 15-Jan. 31 2 4
New Hampshire
Ducks: 6 12
Inland Zone Oct. 4-Nov. 6 &
Nov. 23-Dec. 18
Coastal Zone Oct. 5-Oct. 16 &
Nov. 23-Jan. 9
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese:
Inland Zone Same as for Ducks 2 4
Coastal Zone Same as for Ducks 2 4
Light Geese:
Inland Zone Oct. 4-Dec. 18 25
Coastal Zone Oct. 5-Jan. 9 25
Brant:
Inland Zone Oct. 4-Nov. 22 2 4
Coastal Zone Oct. 5-Nov. 23 2 4
New Jersey
Ducks: 6 12
North Zone Oct. 8-Oct. 27 &
Nov. 12-Dec. 31
South Zone Oct. 15-Oct. 29 &
Nov. 15-Jan. 7
Coastal Zone Nov. 5-Nov. 12 &
Nov. 24-Jan. 24
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada and White-fronted Geese:
North Zone Nov. 12-Nov. 26 & 3 6
Dec. 10-Jan. 16 3 6
South Zone Nov. 19-Dec 3 & 3 6
Dec. 10-Jan. 16 3 6
Coastal Zone Nov. 24-Dec. 3 & 3 6
Dec. 6-Jan. 16 3 6
(Special season) Jan. 17-Feb. 15 5 10
Light Geese:
North Zone Oct. 15-Feb. 15 25
South Zone Oct. 15-Feb. 15 25
Coastal Zone Oct. 15-Feb. 15 25
Brant:
North Zone Oct. 8-Oct. 27 & 2 4
Nov. 24-Dec. 31 2 4
South Zone Oct. 15-Oct. 29 & 2 4
Nov. 19-Dec. 31 2 4
Coastal Zone Nov. 5-Nov. 12 & 2 4
Nov. 24-Jan. 12 2 4
New York
Ducks and Mergansers: 6 12
Long Island Zone Nov. 24-Nov. 27 &
Dec. 5-Jan. 29
Lake Champlain Zone Oct. 12-Oct. 16 &
Oct. 29-Dec. 22
Northeastern Zone Oct. 1-Oct. 10 &
Oct. 22-Dec. 10
Southeastern Zone Oct. 8-Oct. 16 &
Nov. 5-Dec. 25
Western Zone Oct. 22-Dec. 5 &
Dec. 26-Jan. 9
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese:
Western Long Island (AFRP) Nov. 24-Nov. 27 & 8 16
Dec. 1-Mar. 10 8 16
Central Long Island (NAP-L) Nov. 24-Nov. 27 & 3 6
Dec. 1-Feb. 4 3 6
Eastern Long Island (NAP-H) Nov. 24-Nov. 27 & 2 4
Dec. 5-Jan. 29 2 4
Lake Champlain (AP) Zone Oct. 20-Dec. 3 3 6
Northeast (AP) Zone Oct. 22-Dec. 5 3 6
East Central (AP) Zone Oct. 22-Nov. 18 & 3 6
Nov. 26-Dec. 12 3 6
Hudson Valley (AP) Zone Oct. 22-Nov. 18 & 3 6
Dec. 17-Jan. 2 3 6
West Central (AP) Zone Oct. 22-Nov. 20 & 3 6
Dec. 26-Jan. 9 3 6
South (AFRP) Oct. 22-Dec. 10 & 5 10
Dec. 26-Jan. 9 & 5 10
Feb. 25-Mar. 10 5 10
(Special season) Feb. 5-Feb. 15 5 10
Light Geese (6):
Long Island Zone Nov. 24-Mar. 9 25
Lake Champlain Zone Oct. 1-Dec. 29 25
Northeastern Zone Oct. 1-Dec. 31 & 25
Feb. 25-Mar. 10 25
Southeastern Zone Oct. 1-Jan. 5 & 25
Mar. 1-Mar. 10 25
Western Zone Oct. 22-Dec. 10 & 25
Dec. 26-Jan. 9 & 25
Jan. 29-Mar. 10 25
Brant:
Long Island Zone Nov. 24-Nov. 27 & 2 4
Dec. 15-Jan. 29 2 4
Lake Champlain Zone Oct. 12-Nov. 30 2 4
Northeastern Zone Oct. 1-Nov. 19 2 4
Southeastern Zone Oct. 8-Nov. 26 2 4
Western Zone Oct. 2-Nov. 20 2 4
North Carolina
Ducks (7) Oct. 5-Oct. 8 & 6 12
Nov. 12-Dec. 3 & 6 12
Dec. 17-Jan. 28 6 12
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese:
RP Hunt Zone Oct. 5-Oct. 15 & 5 10
Nov. 12-Dec. 3 & 5 10
Dec. 17-Feb. 4 5 10
SJBP Hunt Zone Oct. 5-Nov. 4 & 5 10
Nov. 12-Dec. 31 5 10
Northeast Hunt Zone (8) Jan. 21-Jan. 28 1 2
Light Geese (9) Oct. 19-Oct. 22 & 25
Nov. 12-Mar. 10 25
Brant Nov. 19-Dec. 3 & 2 4
Dec. 17-Jan. 28 2 4
Pennsylvania
Ducks: 6 12
North Zone Oct. 8-Oct. 22 &
Nov. 11-Jan. 4
South Zone Oct. 15-Oct. 22 &
Nov. 15-Jan. 14
Northwest Zone Oct. 8-Dec. 16
Lake Erie Zone Oct. 24-Dec. 31
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese:
AP Zone Nov. 15-Nov. 26 & 3 6
Dec. 17-Jan. 25 3 6
SJBP Zone Oct. 22-Nov. 26 & 3 6
Dec. 12-Jan. 25 3 6
Resident (RP) Zone Oct. 22-Oct. 29 & 5 10
Nov. 11-Nov. 26 & 5 10
Dec. 20-Feb. 25 5 10
Light Geese Oct. 25-Jan. 25 25
Brant Oct. 8-Dec. 5 2 4
Rhode Island
Ducks Oct. 7-Oct. 10 & 6 12
Nov. 23-Nov. 27 & 6 12
Dec. 3-Jan. 22 6 12
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese Nov. 19-Nov. 27 & 2 4
Dec. 3-Jan. 22 2 4
(Special season) Jan. 27-Feb. 12 5 10
Light Geese Oct. 8-Jan. 22 15
Brant Dec. 4-Jan. 22 2 4
South Carolina
Ducks (10)(11) Nov. 19-Nov. 26 & 6 12
Dec. 3 only & 6 12
Dec. 10-Jan. 29 6 12
Mergansers (12) Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada and White-fronted Geese (13) Nov. 19-Nov. 26 & 5 10
Dec. 3-Feb. 3 & 5 10
Feb. 6-Feb. 9 5 10
Light Geese Same as for Ducks 25
Brant Dec. 11-Jan. 29 2 4
Vermont
Ducks: 6 12
Lake Champlain Zone Oct. 12-Oct 16 &
Oct. 29-Dec. 22
Interior Zone Oct. 12-Dec. 10
Connecticut River Zone Oct. 4-Nov. 6 &
Nov. 23-Dec. 18
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese:
Lake Champlain Zone Oct. 20-Dec. 3 3 6
Interior Zone Oct. 20-Dec. 3 3 6
Connecticut River Zone Oct. 4-Nov. 6 & 2 4
Nov. 23-Dec. 18 2 4
Light Geese:
Lake Champlain Zone Oct. 1-Dec. 29 25
Interior Zone Oct. 1-Dec. 29 25
Connecticut River Zone Oct. 4-Dec. 18 25
Brant:
Lake Champlain Zone Oct. 12-Nov. 30 2 4
Interior Zone Oct. 12-Nov. 30 2 4
Connecticut River Zone Oct. 4-Nov. 22 2 4
Virginia
Ducks (14) Oct. 6-Oct. 10 & 6 12
Nov. 19-Dec. 3 & 6 12
Dec. 10-Jan. 28 6 12
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese:
Eastern (AP) Zone Nov. 19-Dec. 3 & 2 4
Dec. 23-Jan. 28 2 4
Western (SJBP) Zone Nov. 19-Dec. 3 & 3 6
Dec. 15-Jan. 14 & 3 6
(Special season) Jan. 16-Feb. 15 5 10
Western (RP) Zone Nov. 19-Dec. 3 & 5 10
Dec. 10-Feb. 25 5 10
Light Geese Oct. 6-Feb. 4 25
Brant Nov. 19-Nov. 26 & 2 4
Dec. 10-Jan. 28 2 4
West Virginia
Ducks (15) Oct. 1-Oct. 8 & 6 12
Nov. 14-Nov. 19 & 6 12
Dec. 14-Jan. 28 6 12
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese Oct. 1-Oct. 29 & 5 10
Dec. 12-Jan. 31 5 10
Light Geese Same as for Canada Geese 5 10
Brant Dec. 14-Jan. 28 2 4

MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY

Flyway-Wide Restrictions

Duck Limits: The daily bag limit of 6 ducks may include no more than 4 mallards (no more than 2 of which may be females), 1 mottled duck, 1 black duck, 2 pintails, 1 canvasback, 2 redheads, 2 scaup, and 3 wood ducks. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Merganser Limits: The merganser limits include no more than 2 hooded mergansers daily and 4 in possession. In states that include mergansers in the duck bag limit, the daily limit is the same as the duck bag limit, of which only 2 daily and 4 in possession may be hooded mergansers.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
(1) In Louisiana, during the Canada goose season, the daily bag limit is 2 dark geese (whitefronts and Canada geese) with no more than 1 Canada goose. Possession limits are twice the daily bag limits.
(2) In Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin, the daily bag limit may include no more than one hen mallard.
(3) In Minnesota, the daily bag limit is 15 and the possession limit is 30 coots and moorhens in the aggregate.
Alabama
Ducks 6 12
North Zone Nov. 25-Nov. 26 &Dec. 3-Jan. 29
South Zone Same as North Zone
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Dark Geese:
North Zone:
SJBP Zone Sept. 24-Oct. 5 &Dec. 3-Jan. 29 22 44
Rest of North Zone Same as SJBP Zone 2 4
South Zone Same as Rest of North Zone 2 4
Light Geese:
North Zone:
SJBP Zone Same as Rest of North Zone 5 5
Monroe and Escambia Counties Sept. 24-Oct. 5 & 5 5
Oct. 29-Nov. 13 & 5 10
Dec. 3-Jan. 29 5 5
Rest of North Zone Same as for Dark Geese 5 5
South Zone Same as for Dark Geese 5 5
Arkansas
Ducks Nov. 19-Nov. 27 & 6 12
Dec. 8-Dec. 23 & 6 12
Dec. 26-Jan. 29 6 12
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese:
Northwest Zone Sept. 24-Oct. 3 & 2 4
Nov. 19-Jan. 29 2 4
Remainder of State Nov. 19-Jan. 29 2 4
White-fronted Geese Nov. 19-Jan. 29 2 4
Brant Closed
Light Geese Nov. 5-Jan. 29 20
Illinois
Ducks 6 12
North Zone Oct. 15-Dec. 13
Central Zone Oct. 22-Dec. 20
South Central Zone Nov. 12-Jan. 10
South Zone Nov. 24-Jan. 22
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese:
North Zone Oct. 15-Jan. 7 2 4
Central Zone Oct. 22-Nov. 6 & 2 4
Nov. 24-Jan. 31 2 4
South Central Zone Nov. 12-Nov. 27 & 2 4
Dec. 13-Jan. 31 2 4
South Zone Nov. 24-Nov. 27 & 2 4
Dec. 1-Jan. 31 2 4
White-fronted Geese:
North Zone Oct. 26-Jan. 7 2 4
Central Zone Nov. 19-Jan. 31 2 4
South Central Zone Nov. 12-Nov. 27 & 2 4
Dec. 5-Jan. 31 2 4
South Zone Nov. 24-Jan. 31 2 4
Brant Same as for Light Geese 1 2
Light Geese:
North Zone Oct. 15-Jan. 7 20
Central Zone Oct. 22-Jan. 31 20
South Central Zone Nov. 12-Jan. 31 20
South Zone Nov. 24-Jan. 31 20
Indiana
Ducks 6 12
North Zone Oct. 15-Dec. 11 &
Dec. 24-Dec. 25
South Zone Oct. 22-Oct. 30 &
Nov. 23-Jan. 12
Ohio River Zone Oct. 29-Oct. 30 &
Nov. 26-Jan. 22
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese:
North Zone Oct. 15-Nov. 6 & 2 4
Nov. 23-Jan. 8 & 2 4
Jan. 14-Jan. 17 2 4
South Zone Oct. 22-Oct. 30 & 2 4
Nov. 23-Jan. 26 2 4
Ohio River Zone Oct. 29-Oct. 30 & 2 4
Nov. 21-Jan. 31 2 4
Late Season Zone Feb. 1-Feb. 15 5 10
White-fronted Geese Oct. 15-Nov. 6 & 1 2
Nov. 23-Jan. 26 1 2
Brant Oct. 15-Jan. 27 1 2
Light Geese Oct. 15-Jan. 27 20
Iowa
Ducks 6 12
North Duck Zone Sept. 17-Sept. 21 &
Oct. 15-Dec. 8
South Duck Zone Sept. 17-Sept. 21 &
Oct. 22-Dec. 15
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese:
North Goose Zone Sept. 24-Oct. 9 & 2 4
Oct. 15-Oct. 31 & 2 4
Nov. 1-Jan. 4 3 6
South Goose Zone Oct. 1-Oct. 16 & 2 4
Oct. 22-Oct. 31 & 2 4
Nov. 1-Jan. 11 3 6
White-fronted Geese:
North Goose Zone Sept. 24-Dec. 6 2 4
South Goose Zone Oct. 1-Dec. 13 2 4
Brant:
North Goose Zone Same as for Canada geese 1 2
South Goose Zone Same as for Canada geese 1 2
Light Geese:
North Zone Sept. 24-Jan. 8 20
South Goose Zone Oct. 1-Jan. 13 20
Kentucky
Ducks: 6 12
West Zone Nov. 24-Nov. 27 &
Dec. 5-Jan. 29
East Zone Same as for West Zone
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese Nov. 23-Jan. 31 2 4
White-fronted Geese Nov. 23-Jan. 31 2 4
Brant Nov. 23-Jan. 31 2 4
Light Geese Nov. 23-Jan. 31 20
Louisiana
Ducks: 6 12
West Zone Nov. 12-Dec. 4 &
Dec. 17-Jan. 22
East Zone (including Catahoula Lake) Nov. 19-Nov. 27 &
Dec. 10-Jan. 29
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese (1) Dec. 17-Jan. 29 1 2
White-fronted (1):
West Zone Nov. 12-Dec. 4 & 2 4
Dec. 17-Feb. 5 2 4
East Zone Nov. 5-Nov. 27 & 2 4
Dec. 10-Jan. 29 2 4
Brant Closed
Light Geese Same as for White-fronted 20
Michigan
Ducks (2) 6 12
North Zone Sept. 24-Nov. 18 &
Nov. 24-Nov. 27
Middle Zone Oct. 1-Nov. 27 &
Dec. 3-Dec. 4
South Zone Oct. 8-Dec. 4 &
Dec. 10-Dec. 11
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese:
North Zone Sept. 17-Oct. 31 2 4
Middle Zone Oct. 1-Nov. 8 & 2 4
Nov. 24-Nov. 27 & 2 4
Dec. 3-Dec. 4 2 4
South Zone:
Muskegon Wastewater GMU Oct. 11-Nov. 13 & 2 4
Dec. 1-Dec. 11 2 4
Allegan County GMU Nov. 12-Nov. 30 & 2 4
Dec. 10-Dec. 20 & 2 4
Dec. 31-Jan. 14 2 4
Saginaw County GMU Oct. 8-Nov. 10 & 2 4
Nov. 24-Dec. 4 & 2 4
Dec. 31-Jan. 29 2 4
Tuscola/Huron GMU Same as Saginaw County GMU 2 4
Remainder of South Zone Oct. 8-Nov. 10 & 2 4
Nov. 24-Dec. 4 & 2 4
Dec. 31-Jan. 29 5 10
White-fronted Geese and Brant Same as for Canada geese 1 2
Light Geese Same as for Canada geese 20 60
Minnesota
Ducks:
North Duck Zone Sept. 24-Nov. 22 6 12
South Duck Zone Sept. 24-Sept. 25 & 6 12
Oct. 1-Nov. 27 6 12
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots (3) Same as for Ducks 15 30
Geese:
North Duck Zone: Sept. 24-Dec. 17
Canada 3 6
White-fronted and Brant 1 2
Light Geese 20 40
South Duck Zone: Sept. 24-Sept. 25
Oct. 1-Dec. 22
Canada 3 6
White-fronted and Brant 1 2
Light Geese 20 40
Rochester Zone: Sept. 24-Sept 25 &
Oct. 1- Nov. 27 &
Dec. 8-Jan. 1
Canada 3 6
White-fronted and Brant 1 2
Light Geese 20 40
Mississippi
Ducks Nov. 25-Nov. 27 & 6 12
Dec. 2-Dec. 4 & 6 12
Dec. 7-Jan. 29 6 12
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese Nov. 21-Jan. 29 3 6
White-fronted Nov. 17-Jan. 29 2 4
Brant Same as for Canada geese 2 4
Light Geese Same as for White-fronted 20
Missouri
Ducks and Mergansers 6 12
North Zone Oct. 29-Dec. 27
Middle Zone Nov. 5-Jan. 3
South Zone Nov. 24-Jan. 22
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese Oct. 1-Oct. 9 & 3 6
Nov. 24-Jan. 31 3 6
White-fronted Geese Nov. 24-Jan. 31 2 4
Brant Same as for Canada geese 1 2
Light Geese Oct. 29-Jan. 31 20
Ohio
Ducks (2) 6 12
Lake Erie Marsh Zone Oct. 15-Oct. 30 &
Nov. 12-Dec. 25
North Zone Oct. 15-Oct. 30 &
Nov. 19-Jan. 1
South Zone Oct. 22-Nov. 6 &
Dec. 17-Jan. 29
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese:
Lake Erie Goose Zone Oct. 15-Oct. 30 & 2 4
Nov. 12-Jan. 8 2 4
North Zone Oct. 15-Oct. 30 & 2 4
Nov. 19-Jan. 1 & 2 4
Jan. 9-Jan. 22 2 4
South Zone Oct. 22-Nov. 20 & 2 4
Dec. 17-Jan. 29 2 4
White-fronted Geese Same as for Canada geese 2 4
Brant Same as for Canada geese 1 2
Light Geese Same as for Canada geese 10 20
Tennessee
Ducks 6 12
Reelfoot Zone Nov. 12-Nov. 13 &
Dec. 3-Jan. 29
State Zone Nov. 26-Nov. 27 &
Dec. 3-Jan. 29
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese:
Northwest Zone Dec. 3-Feb. 12 2 4
Southwest Zone Oct. 8-Oct. 19 & 2 4
Nov. 26-Nov. 27 & 2 4
Dec. 3-Jan. 29 2 4
Kentucky/Barkley Lakes Zone Same as Southwest Zone 2 4
Rest of State Same as Southwest Zone 2 4
White-fronted Geese Dec. 3-Feb. 12 2 4
Brant Nov. 23-Jan. 31 2 4
Light Geese Nov. 25-Mar. 10 20
Wisconsin
Ducks (2) 6 12
North Zone Sept. 24-Nov. 22
South Zone Oct. 1-Oct. 9 &
Oct. 15-Dec. 4
Mississippi River Zone Sept. 24-Oct. 2 &
Oct. 15-Dec. 4
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese:
Horicon Zone Sept. 16-Dec. 16 Tag System--See State Regulations
Exterior Zone:
North Portion:
Brown Co. Subzone—North Sept. 16-Dec. 9 2 4
Remainder of North Portion Sept. 16-Dec. 9 2 4
South Portion:
Brown Co. Subzone—South Sept. 16-Oct. 9 & 2 4
Oct. 15-Dec. 14 2 4
Mississippi River Subzone Sept. 24-Oct. 2 & 2 4
Oct. 15-Dec. 29 2 4
Remainder of South Portion Same as Brown Co. Subzone—South 2 4
White-fronted Geese:
Horicon Zone Sept. 20-Dec. 16 1 2
Exterior Zones Same as for Canada geese 1 2
Brant Same as for Canada geese 1 2
Light Geese Same as for Canada geese 10 20

CENTRAL FLYWAY

Flyway-Wide Restrictions

Duck Limits: The daily bag limit is 6 ducks, which may include no more than 5 mallards (2 female mallards), 1 mottled duck, 2 pintails, 1 canvasback, 2 redheads, 2 scaup, and 3 wood ducks. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Merganser Limits: The daily bag limit is 5 mergansers with 10 in possession and may include no more than 2 hooded mergansers daily and 4 in possession. In states that include mergansers in the duck bag limit, the daily limit is the same as the duck bag limit, of which only 2 daily and 4 in possession may be hooded mergansers.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
(1) In New Mexico, Mexican-like ducks are included in the aggregate with mallards.
(2) In New Mexico, the season for dark geese is closed in Bernalillo, Sandoval, Sierra, and Valencia Counties. In the Middle Rio Grande Valley Unit, a state permit is required.
(3) In North Dakota, see State regulations for additional shooting hour restrictions.
(4) In Texas, the daily bag limit is 6 ducks, which may include no more than 5 mallards (only 2 of which may be hens), 2 redheads, 2 scaup, 3 wood ducks, 1 canvasback, 2 pintails, and 1 dusky duck (mottled duck, black duck and their hybrids, or Mexican-like duck). The season for dusky ducks is closed the first 5 days of the season in all zones. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.
(5) In Texas, in the West Tier the daily bag limit for dark geese is in the aggregate and may include no more than 1 white-fronted goose.
(6) In Wyoming, the daily bag limit may include no more than 1 hen mallard.
(7) See State regulations for additional restrictions.
Colorado
Ducks 6 12
Southeast Zone Oct. 26-Jan. 29
Northeast Zone: Oct. 8-Dec. 4 &
Dec. 23-Jan. 29
Mountain/Foothills Zone: Oct. 1-Nov. 27 &
Dec. 23-Jan. 29
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Dark Geese:
Northern Front Range Unit Oct. 1-Oct. 15 & 4 8
Nov. 19-Feb. 12 4 8
South Park/San Luis Valley Unit Same as N. Front Range Unit 4 8
North Park Unit Same as N. Front Range Unit 4 8
Rest of State in Central Flyway Nov. 19-Feb. 12 4 8
Light Geese:
Northern Front Range Unit Oct. 29-Feb. 12 20
South Park/San Luis Valley Unit Same as N. Front Range Unit 20
North Park Unit Same as N. Front Range Unit 20
Rest of State in Central Flyway Same as N. Front Range Unit 20
Kansas
Ducks 6 12
High Plains Oct. 8-Jan. 2 &
Jan. 21-Jan. 29
Low Plains:
Early Zone Oct. 8-Dec. 4 &
Dec. 17-Jan. 1
Late Zone Oct. 29-Jan. 1 &
Jan. 21-Jan. 29
Southeast Zone Nov. 5-Jan. 8 &
Jan. 21-Jan. 29
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese and Brant Oct. 29-Nov. 6 & 3 6
Nov. 9-Feb. 12 3 6
White-fronted Geese Oct. 29-Jan. 1 & 2 4
Feb. 4-Feb. 12 2 4
Light Geese Oct. 29-Nov. 6 & 20
Nov. 9-Feb. 12 20
Montana
Ducks and Mergansers: 6 12
Zone 1 Oct. 1-Jan. 5
Zone 2 Same as for Zone 1
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Dark Geese Oct. 1-Jan. 13 4 8
Light Geese Oct. 1-Jan. 13 6 12
Nebraska
Ducks: 6 12
High Plains Oct. 8-Jan. 11
Low Plains:
Zones 1 and 2: Oct. 15-Oct. 16 &
Oct. 22-Jan. 1
Zones 3 and 4: Oct. 8-Dec. 18 &
Dec. 23-Dec. 24
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese:
Niobrara Unit Oct. 24-Feb. 5 3 6
East Unit Oct. 8-Oct. 16 & 3 6
Oct. 22-Jan. 25 3 6
North Central Unit Oct. 8-Jan. 20 3 6
Platte River Unit Oct. 24-Feb 5 3 6
Panhandle Unit Nov. 12-Feb. 5 3 6
White-fronted Geese Oct. 8-Dec. 18 & 2 4
Feb. 4-Feb. 5 1 2
Light Geese Oct. 8-Jan. 4 & 20
Jan. 21-Feb. 5 20
New Mexico
Ducks and Mergansers (1): 6 12
North Zone Oct. 8-Jan. 11
South Zone Oct. 26-Jan. 29
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Dark Geese (2):
Middle Rio Grande Valley Unit (2) Dec. 31-Jan. 22 2 2
Rest of State Oct. 15-Jan. 29 4 8
Light Geese Oct. 15-Jan. 29 20 80
North Dakota
Ducks 6 12
High Plains Sept. 24-Dec. 4 &
Dec. 10-Jan. 1
Remainder of State Sept. 24-Dec. 4
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese (3):
Missouri River Zone Sept. 24-Dec. 30 3 6
Rest of State Sept. 24-Dec. 22 3 6
White-fronted Geese Sept. 24-Dec. 4 2 4
Light Geese Sept. 24-Dec. 30 20
Oklahoma
Ducks 6 12
High Plains Oct. 8-Jan. 4
Low Plains:
Zone 1: Oct. 29-Nov. 27 &
Dec. 10-Jan. 22
Zone 2: Nov. 5-Nov. 27 &
Dec. 10-Jan. 29
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese Oct. 29-Nov. 27 & 3 6
Dec. 10-Feb. 12 3 6
White-fronted Geese Oct. 29-Nov. 27 & 1 2
Dec. 10-Feb. 5 1 2
Light Geese Oct. 29-Nov. 27 & 20
Dec. 10-Feb. 12 20
South Dakota
Ducks 6 12
High Plains Oct. 8-Dec. 20 &
Dec. 21-Jan. 12
Low Plains:
North Zone Sept. 24-Dec. 6
Middle Zone Same as for North Zone
South Zone Oct. 8-Dec. 20
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
White-fronted Geese Sept. 24-Dec. 18 1 2
Canada Geese:
Unit 1 Oct. 1-Dec. 18 3 6
Unit 2 Oct. 29-Feb. 10 3 6
Unit 3 Oct. 15-Dec. 18 & 3 6
Jan. 7-Jan. 15 3 6
Light Geese Sept. 24-Dec. 18 20
Texas
Ducks (4): 6 12
High Plains Oct. 29-Oct. 30 &
Nov. 4-Jan. 29
Low Plains:
North Zone Nov. 5-Nov. 27 &
Dec. 10-Jan. 29
South Zone Same as North Zone
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Canada Geese and Brant:
East Tier:
South Zone Nov. 5-Jan. 29 3 6
North Zone Same as for South Zone 3 6
West Tier (5) Nov. 5-Feb. 5 5 10
White-fronted Geese:
East Tier:
South Zone Nov. 5-Jan. 15 2 4
North Zone Same as for South Zone 2 4
West Tier (5) Same as for Canada geese 1 2
Light Geese:
East Tier:
South Zone Nov. 5-Jan. 29 20
North Zone Same as for South Zone
West Tier Same as for Canada geese
Wyoming
Ducks (6) 6 12
Zone C1 Oct. 1-Oct. 16 &Oct. 29-Jan. 17
Zone C2 Sept. 24-Nov. 27 &
Dec. 10-Jan. 10
Mergansers Same as for Ducks 5 10
Coots Same as for Ducks 15 30
Dark Geese:
Zone C1:
Goshen/Platte Co. (7) Oct. 1-Oct. 16 & 2 4
Nov. 19-Feb. 12 4 8
Rest of Zone C1 Oct. 1-Oct. 16 & 5 10
Nov. 5-Dec. 4 & 5 10
Dec. 10-Feb. 6 5 10
Zone C2:
Big Horn/Fremont Co Sept. 24-Oct. 18 & 5 10
Nov. 5-Dec. 4 & 5 10
Dec. 10-Jan. 28 5 10
Rest of Zone C2 Sept. 24-Nov. 27 & 5 10
Dec. 10-Jan. 18 5 10
Light Geese Oct. 1-Dec. 25 & 10 40
Jan. 28-Feb. 15 10 40

PACIFIC FLYWAY

Flyway-Wide Restrictions

Duck and Merganser Limits: The daily bag limit of 7 ducks (including mergansers) may include no more than 2 female mallards, 2 pintails, 2 redheads, 3 scaup, and 1 canvasback. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Coot and Common Moorhen Limits: Daily bag and possession limits are in the aggregate for the two species.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
(1) In Arizona, the daily limit may include no more than either 2 hen mallards or 2 Mexican-like ducks, or 1 of each; and not more than 4 hen mallards and Mexican-like ducks, in the aggregate, may be in possession.
(2) In Arizona, in Yuma County, La Paz County, Game Management Units 13B, 15, and that portion of Unit 16 lying within Mohave County, the bag and possession limits are 3 and 6 for Canada geese, respectively.
(3) In California and Oregon, small Canada geese are Cackling and Aleutian Canada geese.
(4) In California, large Canada geese are Western and Lesser Canada geese.
(5) In Idaho, the season on light geese is closed in Fremont and Teton Counties.
(6) In Montana, check State regulations for special seasons/exceptions in Freezeout Lake WMA; Canyon Ferry; Flathead; Deer Lodge County; and Missoula County.
(7) In Nevada, in Churchill County, the daily bag limit may include no more than 1 wood duck.
(8) In Nevada, in the Moapa Valley portion of the Overton Wildlife Management Area, the open season for all ducks, coots, moorhens, dark geese, and light geese is November 5 to January 27.
(9) In Nevada, there is no open season on light geese in Ruby Valley within Elko and White Pine Counties.
(10) In Oregon, the Northwest Special Permit Zone is closed to all goose hunting, except for designated areas. See State regulations for specific boundary descriptions, times, days, and other conditions of the special permit season.
(11) In Utah, the shooting hours are 7:30 a.m. to sunset on October 1 in Cache, Salt Lake, Davis, Weber, and Box Elder Counties.
(12) In Washington, the daily bag limit in the West Zone may include no more than 2 scoters, 2 long-tailed ducks, and 2 goldeneyes, with the possession limit twice the daily bag limit. The daily bag and possession limit, and the season limit, for harlequins is 1.
(13) In Washington, in State Goose Area 4, hunting is only on Saturdays, Sundays, Wednesdays, and certain holidays. In State Goose Areas 1, 3, and 5, hunting is everyday. See State regulations for details, including shooting hours.
(14) In Washington, see State regulations for specific dates and conditions of permit hunts and closures for Canada geese.
(15) In Washington, brant may be hunted in Skagit and Pacific Counties only; see State regulations for specific dates.
(f)Youth Waterfowl Hunting Days.
The following seasons are open only to youth hunters. Youth Hunters must be accompanied into the field by an adult at least 18 years of age. This adult cannot duck hunt but may participate in other open seasons.
Definition
Youth Hunters: Includes youths 15 years of age or younger.
Note: The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the September 1, 2011, Federal Register(76 FR 54658). Bag and possession limits will conform to those set for the regular season.
Arizona
Ducks (1): 7 14
North Zone:
Scaup Oct. 22-Jan. 15 3 6
Other Ducks Oct.7-Jan.15
South Zone:
Scaup Nov. 5-Jan. 29 3 6
Other Ducks Oct. 21-Jan. 29
Coots and moorhens Same as Other Ducks 25 25
Dark Geese (2):
North Zone: Oct. 7-Jan. 15 3 6
South Zone: Oct. 21-Jan. 29 3 6
Light Geese:
North Zone: Oct. 7-Jan. 15 4 8
South Zone: Oct. 21-Jan. 29 4 8
California
Ducks: 7 14
Northeastern Zone:
Scaup Oct. 8-Jan. 1 3 6
Other Ducks Oct. 8-Jan. 20
Colorado River Zone:
Scaup Nov. 5-Jan. 29 3 6
Other Ducks Oct. 21-Jan. 29
Southern Zone:
Scaup Nov. 5-Jan. 29 3 6
Other Ducks Oct. 22-Jan. 29
Southern San Joaquin Valley Zone:
Scaup Nov. 12-Jan. 29 3 6
Other Ducks Oct. 8-Oct. 30 &
Nov. 12-Jan. 29
Balance-of-State Zone:
Scaup Nov. 5-Jan. 29 3 6
Other Ducks Oct. 22-Jan. 29
Coots and moorhens Same as for Other Ducks 25 25
Dark Geese:
Northeastern Zone Oct. 8-Jan. 15 6 12
Small Canada Geese (3) 6 12
Large Canada Geese (4) 2 4
White-fronted Geese 6 12
Colorado River Zone Oct. 21-Jan. 29 3 6
Southern Zone Oct. 22-Jan. 29 3 6
Balance-of-State Zone 8 16
Small Canada geese (3) Oct. 22-Jan. 29 6 12
Large Canada geese (4) Oct. 1-Oct. 5 6 12
Oct. 22-Jan. 29 6 12
White-fronted Geese:
Sacramento Valley Oct. 22-Dec. 21 2 4
Rest of Zone Oct. 22-Jan. 29 & 6 12
Feb. 18-Feb. 22 6 12
Del Norte & Humboldt Counties: 6 12
Small Canada geese (3) Nov. 5-Jan. 26 & 6 12
Feb. 18-Mar. 10 6 12
Large Canada geese (4) Nov. 5-Jan. 26 1 2
White-fronted Geese Oct. 22-Jan. 29 6 12
Light Geese:
Northeastern Zone Oct. 8-Jan. 15 6 12
Colorado River Zone Oct. 21-Jan. 29 6 12
Southern Zone:
Imperial Valley Nov. 5-Jan. 29 & 6 12
Feb. 11-Feb. 26 6 12
Rest of Zone Oct. 22-Jan. 29 6 12
Balance-of-State Zone Oct. 22-Jan. 29 6 12
Del Norte & Humboldt Counties Oct. 22-Jan. 29 6 12
Brant:
North Zone Nov. 7-Dec. 6 2 4
South Zone Nov. 12-Dec. 11 2 4
Colorado:
Ducks 7 14
Scaup Sept. 24-Oct. 10 & 3 6
Nov. 3-Jan. 10 3 6
Other Ducks Sept. 24-Oct. 10 &
Nov. 3-Jan. 29
Coots Same as for Other Ducks 25 25
Dark Geese Sept. 25-Oct. 2 & 4 8
Nov. 4-Jan. 30 4 8
Light Geese Same as for Dark Geese 10 20
Idaho:
Ducks 7 14
Zone 1:
Scaup Oct. 22-Jan. 13 3 6
Other Ducks Oct. 1-Jan. 13
Zone 2 Same as for Zone 1
Zone 3:
Scaup Nov. 5-Jan. 27 3 6
Other Ducks Oct. 15-Jan. 27
Coots Same as for Other Ducks 25 25
Dark Geese:
Zone 1 Oct. 1-Jan. 13 4 8
Zone 2 Oct. 15-Jan. 27 4 8
Zone 3 Same as for Zone 1 3 6
Light Geese:
Zone 1 (5) Oct. 1-Jan. 13 10 20
Zone 2 Nov. 6-Jan. 27 & 10 20
Feb. 18-Mar. 10 10 20
Zone 3 Oct. 23-Jan. 13 & 10 20
Feb. 18-Mar. 10 10 20
Montana:
Ducks 7 14
Scaup Oct. 1-Dec. 23 3 6
Other Ducks Oct. 1-Jan. 13
Coots Same as for Other Ducks 25 25
Dark Geese (6) Oct. 1-Jan. 13 4 8
Light Geese Oct. 1-Jan. 13 6 12
Nevada:
Ducks 7 14
Northeast Zone:
Scaup Sept. 24-Dec. 16 3 6
Other Ducks Sept. 24-Jan. 6
Northwest Zone (7):
Scaup Nov. 5-Jan. 27 3 6
Other Ducks Oct. 15-Jan. 27
South Zone (8):
Scaup Nov. 5-Jan. 27 3 6
Other Ducks Oct. 15-Jan. 27
Coots and moorhens Same as for Other Ducks 25 25
Dark Geese:
Northeast Zone Sept. 24-Jan. 6 3 6
Northwest Zone Oct. 15-Jan. 27 3 6
South Zone (8) Oct. 15-Jan. 27 3 6
Light Geese (9):
Northeast Zone Sept. 24-Jan. 6 10 20
Northwest Zone Oct. 15-Jan. 27 10 20
South Zone (8) Oct. 15-Jan. 27 10 20
New Mexico:
Ducks 7 14
Scaup Nov. 5-Jan. 29 2 4
Other Ducks Oct. 17-Jan. 29
Coots Same as for Other Ducks 12 24
Moorhens and gallinules Same as for Other Ducks 12 24
Dark Geese:
North Zone Sept. 24-Oct. 9 & 3 6
Oct. 31-Jan. 29 3 6
South Zone Oct. 15-Jan. 29 2 4
Light Geese:
North Zone Same as for Dark Geese 10 20
South Zone Same as for Dark Geese 10 20
Oregon:
Ducks 7 14
Zone 1:
Columbia Basin Unit:
Scaup Nov. 5-Jan. 29 3 6
Other Ducks Oct. 15-Oct. 23 &
Oct. 26-Jan. 29
Rest of Zone 1 Same as Columbia Basin Unit
Zone 2:
Scaup Oct. 8-Nov. 27 & 3 6
Nov. 30-Jan. 3 3 6
Other Ducks Oct. 8-Nov. 27 &
Nov. 30-Jan. 22
Coots Same as for Other Ducks 25 25
Geese:
Northwest General Goose Zone:
Dark Geese Oct. 15-Oct. 23 & 4 8
Nov. 5-Jan. 29 4 8
Small Canada Geese (3) 3 6
Light Geese Same as for Dark Geese 6 12
Northwest Special Permit Zone (10):
Dark Geese Nov. 5-Nov. 13 & 4 8
Nov. 26-Jan. 15 & 4 8
Feb. 4-Mar. 10 4 8
Dusky Canada geese 1 per season
Small Canada geese (3) 2 4
Light Geese Same as for Dark Geese 4 8
Southwest General Zone:
Dark Geese Oct. 15-Dec. 2 & 4 8
Dec. 10-Jan. 29 4 8
Light Geese Same as for Dark Geese 6 12
South Coast Zone:
Dark Geese Oct. 1-Oct. 30 & 4 8
Nov. 24-Jan. 15 & 4 8
Feb. 18-Mar. 10 4 8
Light Geese Oct. 1-Oct. 30 & 6 12
Nov. 24-Jan. 15 6 12
Harney and Lake County Zone:
Dark Geese: Oct. 8-Nov. 27 & 4 8
Dec. 12-Jan. 29 4 8
Small Canada geese 1 2
White-fronted geese:
Lake County 1 2
Rest of Zone 4 8
Light Geese Same as for Dark Geese 6 12
Malheur County Zone:
Dark Geese Oct. 8-Nov. 27 & 4 8
Dec. 12-Jan. 29 4 8
Light Geese Oct. 8-Nov. 27 & 10 20
Dec. 29-Jan. 29 & 10 20
Feb. 18-Mar. 10 10 20
Klamath County Zone:
Dark Geese: Oct. 8-Nov. 27 & 4 8
Dec. 17-Jan. 17 & 4 8
White-fronted geese (Special season) Feb. 18-Mar. 10 4 8
Light Geese Oct. 8-Nov. 27 & 6 12
Dec. 17-Jan. 17 & 6 12
Feb. 18-Mar. 10 6 12
Eastern Zone:
Dark Geese Oct. 15-Oct. 23 & 4 8
Oct. 31-Jan. 29 4 8
Light Geese Same as for Dark Geese 6 12
Tillamook County (10):
Dark Geese Dec. 3-Jan. 15 & 4 8
Jan. 21-Mar. 10 4 8
Small Canada Geese (3) 3 6
Light Geese Same as for Dark Geese 4 8
Brant Nov. 19-Dec. 4 2 4
Utah:(11)
Ducks 7 14
Zone 1:
Scaup Oct. 1-Dec. 24 3 6
Other Ducks Oct. 1-Jan. 14
Zone 2: Same as for Zone 1
Coots Same as for Other Ducks 25 25
Geese:
Light:
North Goose Zone Oct. 22-Jan. 14 & 10 20
Feb. 18-Mar. 10 10 20
Rest of State Oct. 14-Jan. 14 & 10 20
Mar. 1-Mar. 10 10 20
Dark:
North Goose Zone Oct. 1-Jan. 14 3 6
Rest of State Oct. 1-Oct. 13 & 3 6
Oct. 29-Jan. 29 3 6
Washington:
Ducks 7 14
East Zone:
Scaup Nov. 5-Jan. 29 3 6
Other Ducks Oct. 15-Oct 19 &
Oct. 22-Jan. 29
West Zone (12) Same as the East Zone
Coots Same as for Other Ducks 25 25
Geese:
Management Area 1 (13): 4 8
Light Geese Oct 15-Jan. 29
Dark Geese Oct 15-Oct. 27 &
Nov. 5-Jan. 29
Management Area 2A (14): Nov. 12-Nov. 23 & 4 8
Nov. 26-Nov. 28 & 4 8
Dec. 7-Jan. 29 4 8
Dusky Canada geese 1 per season
Late-Season Canada Geese: Feb. 4-Mar. 7 4 8
Dusky Canada geese 1 per season
Management Area 2B (14): Oct. 15-Oct. 26 & 4 8
Nov. 5-Jan. 29 4 8
Dusky Canada geese 1 per season
Management Areas 3 (13) Oct. 15-Oct. 27 & 4 8
Nov. 5-Jan. 29 4 8
Management Areas 4 & 5 (13) Oct. 15-Oct. 19 & 4 8
Oct. 23-Jan. 29 4 8
Brant (15):
Skagit County Jan. 14-Jan. 29 2 4
Pacific County Jan. 7-Jan. 22 2 4
Wyoming:
Ducks 7 14
Snake River Zone:
Scaup Sept. 24-Dec. 18 3 6
Other Ducks Sept. 24-Jan. 6
Balance of State Zone Same as Snake River Zone
Coots Same as for Other Ducks 25 25
Dark Geese: Sept. 24-Dec. 29 3 6
Season dates
(1) In Maryland, the daily bag limit may include no more than 2 Canada geese and 2 brant.
*******
(5) In Kansas, the nonresident youth, must be licensed and possess state and federal duck stamps as required by state or federal regulation to hunt waterfowl.
*******
(9) In North Carolina, the daily bag limit in the Northeast Hunt Zone may not include dark geese except by permit.
(10) In North Carolina and Virginia, the daily bag limit may not include tundra swans except by permit.
(11) In Virginia, the daily bag limit for Canada geese is 2.
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
Connecticut Ducks, geese, mergansers, and coots Oct. 1 & Nov. 5.
*******
Florida Ducks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and geese Feb. 4 & 5.
*******
Maryland Ducks, coots, snow geese, Canada geese, sea ducks, and brant Oct. 29 & Nov. 5.
Massachusetts Ducks, mergansers, coots, and geese Oct. 8 & 10.
New Jersey Ducks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinules
North Zone Oct. 1 & Nov. 5.
South Zone Nov. 11 & 12.
Coastal Zone Oct. 22 & 29.
*******
North Carolina Ducks, mergansers, Canada geese (9), tundra swans (10), and coots Dec. 10 & Feb. 4.
*******
South Carolina Ducks, geese, mergansers, and coots Feb. 4 & 5.
*******
Virginia Ducks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, tundra swans (10), and Canada geese (11) Oct. 22 & Feb. 4.
*******
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
*******
Arkansas Ducks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinules Feb. 4 & 5.
Illinois Ducks, geese, mergansers, and coots
North Zone Oct. 8 & 9.
Central Zone Oct. 15 & 16.
South Central Zone Nov. 5 & 6.
South Zone Nov. 12 & 13
Indiana Ducks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and geese:
North Zone Oct. 8 & 9.
South Zone Oct. 15 & 16.
Ohio River Zone Oct. 22 & 23.
Iowa Ducks, Canada geese, light geese, mergansers, coots
North Zone Oct. 1 & 2.
South Zone Oct. 8 & 9.
Kentucky Ducks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinules:
West Zone Feb. 4 & 5.
East Zone Nov. 5 & 6.
Louisiana Ducks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and geese:
West Zone Nov. 5 & 6.
East Zone Nov. 12 & 13.
*******
Mississippi Ducks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and geese Feb. 4 & 5.
Missouri Ducks, coots, mergansers, moorhens, gallinules, and geese:
North Zone Oct. 22 & 23.
Middle Zone Oct. 22 & 23.
South Zone Nov. 19 & 20.
Ohio Ducks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and geese Oct. 1 & 2.
Tennessee Ducks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and geese:
Reelfoot Zone Feb. 11 & 12.
Remainder of State Feb. 4 & 5.
*******
CENTRAL FLYWAY
*******
Kansas(5) Ducks, dark geese, light geese, mergansers and coots:
High Plains Oct. 1 & 2.
Low Plains:
Early Zone Oct. 1 & 2.
Late Zone Oct. 22 & 23.
Southeast Zone Oct. 22 & 23.
*******
Oklahoma Ducks, mergansers, coots, and geese:
High Plains Oct. 1 & 2.
Low Plains:
Zone 1 Oct. 15 & 16.
Zone 2 Oct. 29 & 30
*******
Texas Ducks, geese, mergansers, moorhens, gallinules, and coots:
High Plains Oct. 22 & 23.
Low Plains:
North Zone Oct. 29 & 30.
South Zone Oct. 29 & 30.
*******
PACIFIC FLYWAY
Arizona Ducks, geese, brant, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinules
North Zone Oct. 1 & 2.
South Zone Feb. 4 & 5.
California Ducks, geese, brant, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinules
Northeastern Zone Sept. 24 & 25.
Colorado River Zone Feb. 4 & 5.
Southern Zone Feb. 4 & 5.
Southern San Joaquin Valley Feb. 4 & 5.
Balance-of-State Zone Feb. 4 & 5.
*******
Nevada Ducks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinules
Northeast Zone Sept. 17 & Jan 14.
Northwest Zone Oct. 1 & Feb. 4.
South Zone Oct. 22 & Feb. 4.
*******
4. Section 20.106 is amended by adding the entries for the following States in alphabetical order to read as follows: § 20.106

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits on the species designated in this section are as follows:

Shooting and Hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset, except as otherwise restricted by State regulations. Area descriptions were published in the August 30, 2011, Federal Register(76 FR 54052).

Federally authorized, State-issued permits are issued to individuals, and only the individual whose name and address appears on the permit at the time of issuance is authorized to take sandhill cranes at the level allowed by the permit, in accordance with provisions of both Federal and State regulations governing the hunting season. The permit must be carried by the permittee when exercising its provisions and must be presented to any law enforcement officer upon request. The permit is not transferable or assignable to another individual, and may not be sold, bartered, traded, or otherwise provided to another person. If the permit is altered or defaced in any way, the permit becomes invalid.

Note:

The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the September 1, 2011, Federal Register(76 FR 54658).

Season datesBagLimits
Possession
(1) Each person participating in the regular sandhill crane seasons must have a valid Federal or State-issued sandhill crane hunting permit in their possession while hunting. However, in those States where the State-issued Harvest Information Survey Program (HIP) certification for game bird hunting also identifies the hunter as a sandhill crane hunter, the separate sandhill crane permit identified above is not required.
*******
(6) In Kentucky, the season limit is 2 cranes. If the harvest objective of 400 cranes is obtained before the season ending date, the season will close.
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
Kentucky(1)(6) Dec. 17-Jan. 15 2 2
*******
CENTRAL FLYWAY
*******
Oklahoma(1) Oct. 22-Jan. 22 3 6
*******
Texas(1):
Zone A Nov. 5-Feb. 5 3 6
Zone B Nov. 25-Feb. 5 3 6
Zone C Dec. 24-Jan. 29 2 4
*******
5. Section 20.107 is revised to read as follows: § 20.107

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits on the species designated in this section are as follows:

Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset, except as otherwise restricted by State regulations. Hunting is by State permit only.

Federally authorized, State-issued permits are issued to individuals, and only the individual whose name and address appears on the permit at the time of issuance is authorized to takesandhill cranes at the level allowed by the permit, in accordance with provisions of both Federal and State regulations governing the hunting season. The permit must be carried by the permittee when exercising its provisions and must be presented to any law enforcement officer upon request. The permit is not transferable or assignable to another individual, and may not be sold, bartered, traded, or otherwise provided to another person. If the permit is altered or defaced in any way, the permit becomes invalid.

Note:

Successful permittees must immediately validate their harvest by that method required in State regulations.

Season datesLimits
(1) See State regulations for description of area open to swan hunting.
(2) Any species of swan may be taken.
(3) In Montana, all harvested swans must be reported by way of a bill measurement card within 3 days of harvest.
(4) All harvested swans and tags must be checked or registered within 5 days of harvest.
(5) Harvests of trumpeter swans are limited to 5 in Nevada and 10 in Utah. When it has been determined that the quota of trumpeter swans allotted to Nevada and Utah will have been filled, the season for taking of any swan species in the respective State will be closed by either the Director upon giving public notice through local information media at least 48 hours in advance of the time and date of closing, or by the State through State regulations with such notice and time (not less than 48 hours) as they deem necessary.
(6) In Utah, all harvested swans and tags must be checked or registered within 3 days of harvest.
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
North Carolina Nov. 12-Jan. 31 1 tundra swan per season.
Virginia Dec. 1-Jan 31 1 tundra swan per season.
CENTRAL FLYWAY(1)
Montana Oct. 1-Jan. 5 1 tundra swan per season.
North Dakota Oct. 1-Jan. 1 1 tundra swan per season.
South Dakota Oct. 1-Dec. 18 1 tundra swan per permit.
PACIFIC FLYWAY(1)(2)
Montana(3) Oct. 15-Dec. 1 1 swan per season.
Nevada(4)(5) Oct. 15-Jan. 8 2 swans per season.
Utah(5)(6) Oct. 1-Dec. 11 1 swan per season.
6. Section 20.109 is amended by adding the entries for the following States in alphabetical order to read as follows: § 20.109

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset except as otherwise restricted by State regulations.

Area descriptions were published in the August 25, 2011 (76 FR 53536) and August 30, 2011 (76 FR 54052)Federal Registers.

Limits: The daily bag limit may include no more than 3 migratory game birds, singly or in the aggregate. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. These limits apply to falconry during both regular hunting seasons and extended falconry seasons—unless further restricted by State regulations. The falconry bag and possession limits are not in addition to regular season limits. Unless otherwise specified, extended falconry for ducks does not include sea ducks within the special sea duck areas.

Although many States permit falconry during the gun seasons, only extended falconry seasons are shown below. Please consult State regulations for details.

Note:

The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the September 1, 2011, Federal Register(76 FR 54658).

Extended falconry dates
*******
(2) In Montana, the bag limit is 2 and the possession limit is 6.
*******
(4) In Maine, the daily bag and possession limits for black ducks are 1 and 2, respectively.
(5) In California, the falconry season for geese is concurrent with the regular season for white geese in the Imperial County special management area.
(6) In California, the falconry season for geese is concurrent with the regular season for small Canada geese in Del Norte and Humbolt counties.
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
Delaware
*******
Ducks, mergansers, and coots Jan. 30-Mar. 2.
Brant Jan. 30-Mar. 2.
Florida
*******
Ducks, mergansers, light geese, and coots Oct. 30-Nov. 12 & Feb. 6-Mar. 2.
Georgia
Ducks, mergansers, gallinules, coots, and sea ducks Nov. 28-Dec. 9 & Jan. 30-Feb. 10.
Maine
Ducks, mergansers, and coots (4):
North Zone Dec. 10-Feb. 1.
South Zone Jan. 7-Feb. 28.
Maryland
*******
Ducks Feb. 8-Mar. 10.
Brant Jan. 29-Mar. 10.
Light Geese Feb. 16-Mar. 10.
Massachusetts
Ducks, mergansers, sea ducks, and coots Feb. 2-Feb. 9.
New Hampshire
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
Inland Zone Nov. 7-Nov. 22 & Dec. 19-Jan. 16.
Coastal Zone Jan. 26-Mar. 10.
New Jersey
Woodcock:
North Zone Oct. 1-Oct. 14 & Nov. 20-Jan. 15.
South Zone Oct. 1-Nov. 11 & Dec. 4-Dec. 16 & Dec. 31-Jan. 15.
Ducks, mergansers, coots, and brant:
North Zone Jan. 1-Feb. 7.
South Zone Jan. 8-Feb. 14.
Coastal Zone Jan. 25-Feb. 28.
New York
Ducks, mergansers and coots:
Long Island Zone Nov. 1-Nov. 23 & Nov. 28-Dec. 4 & Jan. 30-Feb. 13.
Northeastern Zone Oct. 11-Oct. 21 & Dec. 11-Jan. 13.
Southeastern Zone Oct. 1-Oct. 7 & Oct. 17-Nov. 4 & Dec. 26-Jan. 13.
Western Zone Oct. 1-Oct. 21 & Dec. 6-Dec. 25 & Jan. 10-Jan. 13.
North Carolina
*******
Ducks, mergansers and coots Oct. 24-Nov. 5 & Jan. 30-Feb. 18.
Pennsylvania
*******
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
North Zone Oct. 24-Nov. 10 & Jan. 5-Jan. 14 & Feb. 23-Mar. 10.
South Zone Oct. 24-Nov. 14 & Feb. 17-Mar. 10.
Northwest Zone Dec. 17-Jan. 14 & Feb. 24-Mar. 10.
Lake Erie Zone Jan. 26-Mar. 10.
Canada Geese:
SJBP Zone Feb. 28-Mar. 10.
AP Zone Feb. 3-Mar. 10.
RP Zone Mar. 9-Mar. 10.
South Carolina
Ducks, mergansers, and coots Nov. 1-Nov. 18 & Nov. 27-Dec. 2 & Jan. 30-Feb. 3.
Virginia
*******
Moorhens and gallinules Dec. 5-Dec. 9 & Jan. 30-Feb. 29.
Ducks, mergansers, and coots Dec. 5-Dec. 9 & Jan. 30-Feb. 29.
Canada Geese:
Eastern (AP) Zone Dec. 10-Dec. 22 & Jan. 30-Feb. 29.
Western (SJBP) Zone Dec. 10-Dec. 14 & Feb. 16-Feb. 29.
Brant Oct. 6-Nov. 18 & Nov. 28-Dec. 9 & Jan. 30-Feb. 4.
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
Arkansas
Ducks, mergansers, and coots Feb. 1-Feb. 15.
Illinois
*******
Ducks, mergansers, and coots Feb. 12-Mar. 10.
Indiana
*******
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
North Zone Sept. 27-Sept. 30 & Feb. 14-Mar. 10.
South Zone Oct. 15-Oct. 21 & Feb. 17-Mar. 10.
Ohio River Zone Oct. 22-Oct. 28 & Feb. 17-Mar. 10.
Iowa
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
North Zone Dec. 15-Jan. 28.
South Zone Dec. 16-Jan. 29.
White-fronted Geese:
North Goose Zone Dec. 7-Jan. 8.
South Goose Zone Dec. 14-Jan. 13.
Kentucky
Ducks, mergansers, and coots Nov. 5-Nov. 23 & Nov. 28-Dec. 4 & Jan. 30-Jan. 31.
Geese Nov. 5-Nov. 22.
Louisiana
*******
Rails and moorhens Nov. 5-Nov. 11 & Jan. 5-Feb. 3.
Ducks:
West Zone Nov. 5-Nov. 11 & Dec. 5-Dec. 16 & Jan. 23-Feb. 3.
East Zone Nov. 5-Nov. 18 & Nov. 28-Dec. 9 & Jan. 30-Feb. 3.
Michigan
Ducks, mergansers, coots, and moorhens Dec. 12-Jan. 15 & Mar. 1-Mar. 10.
Minnesota
*******
Ducks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinules Sept. 26-Sept. 30 & Nov. 23-Jan. 7.
Mississippi
Mourning Doves Nov. 19-Nov. 27 & Jan. 16-Feb. 10.
Ducks, mergansers and coots Feb. 10-Mar. 10.
Missouri
*******
Ducks, mergansers, and coots Sept. 10-Sept. 25 & Feb. 11-Mar. 10.
Ohio
Ducks and coots Sept. 1-Sept. 18 & Feb. 4-Mar. 3.
Geese Sept. 1-Sept. 18 & Feb. 4-Feb.18.
Tennessee
*******
Ducks, mergansers, and coots Sept. 15-Oct. 21.
Wisconsin
Rails, snipe, moorhens, and gallinules:
North Duck Zone Sept. 1-Sept. 23 & Nov. 23-Dec. 16.
South Duck Zone Sept. 1-Sept. 30 & Oct. 10-Oct. 14 & Dec. 5-Dec. 16.
Mississippi River Zone Sept. 1-Sept. 23 & Oct. 3-Oct. 14 & Dec. 5-Dec. 16.
Woodcock Sept. 1-Sept. 23 & Nov. 8-Dec. 16.
Ducks, mergansers, and coots Sept. 17-Sept. 18 & Jan 6—Feb. 19.
CENTRAL FLYWAY
Kansas
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
Low Plains Feb. 25-Mar. 10.
*******
Oklahoma
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
Low Plains Feb. 13-Feb. 27.
South Dakota
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
High Plains Sept. 3-Sept. 10.
Low Plains:
North Zone Sept. 3-Sept. 16 & Sept. 19-Sept. 23 & Dec. 7-Dec. 18.
Middle Zone Same as North Zone
South Zone Sept. 3-Sept. 16 & Sept. 19-Oct. 5.
Texas
*******
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
Low Plains Jan. 30-Feb. 13.
Wyoming
*******
Ducks, mergansers, and coots
Zone C1 Sept. 24-Sept. 25 & Oct. 17-Oct. 24.
Zone C2 Sept. 17-Sept. 18 & Nov. 28-Dec. 5.
PACIFIC FLYWAY
Arizona
*******
Ducks and mergansers:
North Zone Oct. 3-Oct. 6.
South Zone Jan. 30-Feb. 2.
California
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
Colorado River Zone Jan. 30-Feb. 2.
Southern Zone Jan. 30-Feb. 3.
Southern San Joaquin Zone Jan. 30-Feb. 1.
Canada Geese and White-fronted Geese:
Northeastern Zone Jan. 16-Jan. 18.
Southern Zone (5) Same as for Ducks.
Balance-of-State Zone (6) Same as for Ducks.
Brant:
Northern Zone Oct. 22-Nov. 6 & Dec. 7-Feb. 3.
Southern Zone Oct. 22-Nov. 11 & Dec. 12-Feb. 3.
Light Geese:
Northeastern Zone Jan. 16-Jan. 18.
Southern Zone (5) Same as for Ducks.
Balance-of-State Zone (6) Same as for Ducks.
New Mexico
*******
Rails Nov. 26-Jan. 1.
Utah
*******
Ducks, mergansers, coots, geese, and snipe:
Statewide Sept. 17 only.

References

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